During his campaign for the presidency, the current president, Barack Obama, assured that he would make immigration reform a priority and that he would present an initiative during the first hundred days of his administration. What was promised has not only not happened, but something much more modest has not even been approved, the DREAM Act, a proposal that seemed to have sufficient legislative support two years ago and that was rejected in December 2010, receiving only 55 of 60 votes required in the Senate.

The strategy of promoting a single comprehensive reform has been criticized by some pro-immigrant sectors, who claimed that it was more desirable and politically convenient for partial reforms to be promoted when Obama arrived at the White House and when the Democrats achieved control of both chambers of the Congress. Today, very few analysts believe that any comprehensive immigration reform is viable, and some believe that there will be no such thing in the future but, in the best of cases, a series of partial and different reforms on issues such as visas for temporary workers. There is also no optimism that there will be any partial reform before the 2012 presidential election.

The main legislative obstacle to immigration reform has been the position of the Republican party. Although there are different forces and positions on immigration within the Republican party, the current collective position contrasts with what has existed at other times, including that adopted by former President George W. Bush, who has expressed support for comprehensive immigration reform . The change is explained in part by changes in the correlation of forces within the party and the arrival of new candidates and leaders who have used immigrants as scapegoats. In the short term, there will be no possibility of immigration reform, even partial, if effective alliances are not established with elements of power within the Republican Party. One possibility is to explore a relationship with the Hispanic Leadership Network, an entity that has been created to strengthen ties between the Republican Party and the Hispanic community in the country. His leadership includes the likes of Jeb Bush, Carlos Gutierrez, John Cornyn, Lincoln Diaz-Balart, and Abel Maldonado.