With the triumph of Republican candidates for legislative positions in the election last November, the political and legislative scenario has changed. A greater confrontation between the executive and legislative branches over the direction of the country and, more immediately, the 2012 election, is likely. In this context, the chances that Congress will consider or approve a pro-migrant immigration reform are diminishing. .

Upon arriving at the White House, the Obama administration considered that an immigration reform initiative would not be successful if border security was not previously strengthened and existing laws were not applied. Consequently, more than $600 million has been invested in border security and the number of deportations has risen, reaching record figures in the last two years, including 392,862 in 2010. The strategy has not worked. The Republican party has remained unmoved and maintains its constant criticism of the Obama administration.

For example, in response to the presidential report of January 25, in which Obama stated his desire to return to the issue of immigration reform, Senator John Cornyn, who claims to support immigration reform, responded in a newspaper article that to date he has not seen a commitment from the President to seriously address the issue with the Republican party. The Republican Party and its elected officials will continue to demand the strengthening of border security and, although it is desirable that the immigration issue be decoupled from the issue of national security, it is unlikely that the Obama administration and Democratic legislators will risk proposing a different course. . Proof of them is that the offices of immigration services, citizenship, etc. they are now within the Department of Homeland Security. The increase in drug violence in Mexico is a factor that fuels such a perception of Mexican migration. In previous years there have been efforts by pro-migrant organizations to separate migration from the issue of security, but they have not yet produced the expected results. In this adverse context, it is notable that the Mexican authorities have done little to change the perception of Mexican migrants. For example, it contrasts with the promotion that it did at the time in favor of the approval of the North American Free Trade Agreement in 1992-93, spending large amounts on advertising campaigns, political lobbying, etc. Today,