The Congress of the Union will begin a new ordinary legislative period shortly and, unless an extraordinary period is approved, it will be the last opportunity to approve any electoral reform in time for 2012. Currently, the issue of the political rights of Mexicans abroad has lost relevance and is not among the priorities of the parties and their legislators. On the other hand, migrant organizations are not carrying out intensive lobbying work nor have they mobilized massively to reach the levels of activism of other recent times. In addition, there is currently a lack of coordination and/or common agenda. The scenario is not promising to achieve any significant reform before the constitutional deadline of July 1, 2011. The most recent and interesting initiative has been elaborated by the PAN senator Luis Alberto Villarreal García, who proposes: voting with a voter’s credential or consular registration; application via email in the nominal list of voters abroad; and the electronic voting modality. The initiative was presented in the plenary session of the Senate on January 12 and was turned over to the Governance Commission.
Other proposals that contemplated the creation of a special circumscription for Mexicans abroad, credentialing outside the national territory, different modalities of casting the vote, etc., have not been taken up and energetically promoted by the current federal legislators or those of the legislature. pass. In the current scenario, it is unlikely that innovative ways of casting the migrant vote will be contemplated, since there has been no opportunity to carry out experiments in the country. In any case, it would be important to promote the study of what has been done in other nations and seek to implement them in some way in Mexico for elections after the 2012 one.
It should be noted that in the Mexican context, the issue of credentialing has an importance that goes beyond the merely electoral, since it is the form of identification that is currently the most accepted for carrying out procedures in the public or private sector. Not having it complicates life for the common citizen.
Electoral Scenario 2012
The 2012 election is seen as another process that will be highly contested, so the dispute over votes will be intense. This will open up possibilities for migrant organizations to insert themselves into the electoral contest and try to tip the balance for whoever has the best pro-migrant proposals. The concurrence with many state elections can also create conditions to influence the results of the entities directly (migrant vote in the DF) or indirectly (vote of relatives of migrants).