Political rights and democracy in Mexico

Mexico is a nation in transition from a presidential and state party regime to a democratic, decentralized and multi-party one. Mexican migrants are part of this transformation and seek to contribute to the consolidation of an inclusive and participatory democracy through a sui generis movement in favor of the recognition and exercise of their political rights.

With their demands for the right to vote and fair political representation, the migrants have challenged outdated interpretations that have long prevailed in the country on fundamental issues such as citizenship, democracy and nationhood. Among other things, such a mentality conceived of the nation as something limited to the territorial extension of Mexico and refused to extend rights to citizens living in another country. Despite the opposition it has faced to exercise its citizen rights, the migrant movement is highly relevant for Mexico. The country ranks first in the world in the number of citizens abroad (some 11 million, the vast majority in the United States) and these constitute a considerable percentage of the potential national electorate (approximately 15% of the electorate in 1998). Also,

The topic will not diminish in importance in years to come. The short- and medium-term demographic trend is for Mexican migration north to continue for a few more decades, driven by structural factors, particularly the aging of the US population and the continued regional, economic, and labor integration of North America.

Therefore, it is increasingly urgent that Mexico, as a country, adequately reconcile its incipient democratic model with the undeniable migratory reality that characterizes it. Failure in this effort brings serious consequences for all. Unfortunately, with few honorable exceptions, members of the Mexican political class continue to disdain the political rights of millions of Mexican migrants.