The 2006 election turned out to be a close and polarizing electoral process, and the result did not put an end to the disagreements. Due to this context, the issue of the migrant vote and other issues related to the Mexican community abroad were not a priority in the approaches of the parties and their presidential candidates.

On the other hand, due to the lateness of the 2005 reform, the IFE was limited in the design and execution of the foreign voting program. The operation of the program raised complaints among migrants, highlighting the late arrival of promotional materials and the lack of an effective and appropriate strategy for Mexicans abroad. Also, in this first experience there was a lack of knowledge among migrant communities about the scope of the 2005 reform and the requirements to vote, including the need to have a valid voter ID. Many migrants interested in voting saw that they did not qualify and expressed their disagreement.

The IFE presents the following figures on the result of the electoral participation of Mexicans abroad:
People included in the Nominal List of Electors Resident Abroad (LNERE): 40,876.
Percentage of members of the LNERE based in the USA: 87.49%.
Total number of voting envelopes received: 33,111.
Votes received by presidential candidate of each party:
PAN 19,016
PRI/PVEM 1,360
PRD/PT/ Convergence 11,090
New Alliance 128
Alternative 887
Non-Registered Candidates 29
Null Votes 11

The figure fell far short of the potential universe of voters and the expectations previously expressed by promoters of the reform and other interested parties. Furthermore, although it is a secondary issue, it is important to note that the total number of votes was not decisive in the presidential election.