In the reform of the secondary laws in political-electoral matters, which is being analyzed in the Senate, it is expected to include new modalities and the credentialing of the so-called vote abroad, said legislator Ernesto Ruffo Appel.
The senator from the National Action Party (PAN) said that there is progress in the ruling that would allow Mexican consulates abroad to receive applications, process and deliver voting credentials.
In an interview, he highlighted that one of the main obstacles in electoral matters for the more than 12 million Mexicans who live abroad, the majority in the United States, is that their voting credentials have expired or they do not have them.
He explained that the political-electoral reform contemplates giving powers to the embassies and consulates of Mexico abroad, so that they can initiate the process in coordination with the National Electoral Institute (INE).
The president of the North Border Affairs Commission of the Senate explained that another modality is that countrymen who come on vacation to Mexico can process their credentials here or in border cities and have them sent to the nearest consulate.
He indicated that some issues are still being refined, such as the modalities of voting abroad, which is sought to include electronic and Internet suffrage, since voting by mail has not worked and has had very low participation in the last two presidential elections.
Ruffo Appel asserted that this proposal arises after the unsuccessful attempts to vote abroad during the 2006 and 2012 elections, which had a high cost for the national treasury that included the promotion and travel of the advisers of the then Federal Electoral Institute (IFE). ) To the exterior.
The reform proposes to reform the Federal Code of Electoral Institutions and Procedures (Cofipe) and aims to provide a means of identification to Mexican migrants and at the same time serve them to exercise their right to vote from the United States territory.
According to the initiatives that are analyzed, it is planned to divide the Electoral Register into two sections, one national and the other for residents abroad, while contemplating the Internet voting modality.
The reform for voting abroad is a demand from organizations of Mexicans abroad, which are estimated to be 12 million 178 thousand 173 Mexicans who live outside of Mexico, of which 99.39 percent reside in the United States.